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Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Feb 26, 2024

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Causes Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Symptoms Of Persistent Post-Concussive syndrome

Risk Factors Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Diagnosis Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Treatment  Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome


Depression and anxiety

Prevention  Of Persistent Post-Concussive syndrome

Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

The condition known as persistent post-concussive symptoms, often referred to as post-concussion syndrome, is characterized by mild traumatic brain injury symptoms. This condition arises when brain damage symptoms remain longer than anticipated following an accident. Among these symptoms include headaches, lightheadedness, and issues with concentration and memory. Weeks or months may pass during them.

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. It can be brought on by engaging in contact sports, falling, being in an automobile accident, or experiencing a lot of forceful head or body shaking and movement.

Without losing consciousness, it is possible to sustain a concussion and develop chronic post-concussive symptoms. In actuality, there doesn't seem to be any correlation between the likelihood of experiencing symptoms and the degree of damage.

The majority of people have symptoms during the first seven to ten days, and after three months, they go away. Sometimes, though, they live for a year or more. The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms.

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Causes Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Further research is needed to understand how and why certain injuries cause persistent post-concussive symptoms while others do not.

The damage itself can cause long-lasting post-concussive symptoms. Alternatively, migraines or other diseases may be brought on by persistent post-concussive symptoms. 

Furthermore, symptoms may be connected to other illnesses like insomnia, dizziness, anxiety, and mental health problems. You will work with your healthcare provider to identify the current cause of your symptoms and the recommended course of action.

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Symptoms Of Persistent Post-Concussive syndrome

The following are signs of a chronic concussion:

  • Headaches
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Tired
  • Lack of tolerance
  • Fear and discomfort
  • Inability to fall asleep or excessive sleep
  • Loss of concentration and memory
  • Hearing rings
  • Vision is fuzzy
  • Sensitivity to noise and light
  • Scent and flavor reductions are rare

After a concussion, the majority of headaches mimic tension headaches. These may have something to do with a neck injury that happened right after the head damage. On the other hand, the headaches could feel like migraines.

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Risk Factors Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Risk factors for the development of persistent post-concussive symptoms include the following:

  • Age: Studies have indicated that an aging population is more likely to experience persistent symptoms following a concussion.
  • Sex: Women are probably more likely than men to seek medical care, which explains why chronic post-concussive symptoms are detected in them more often.

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Diagnosis Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Determining if post-concussive symptoms are persistent requires more than one test.

Your doctor might wish to arrange for a brain scan to rule out any potential issues that could be the source of your symptoms. Structural brain abnormalities can be detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) scanning.

You might be referred to an ear, nose, and throat specialist if you're feeling lightheaded.

If you are depressed or anxious, you might benefit from being referred to a licensed therapist or psychologist. or if you're experiencing difficulties remembering things or solving challenges.

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Treatment  Of Persistent Post-Concussive Syndrome

Treatment for chronic post-concussive symptoms is nonexistent. Your healthcare provider will treat your symptoms. The symptoms that each person encounters vary, as does how frequently they present.


Medications usually used for migraines or tension headaches appear to work effectively for post-concussion headaches. Medications for depression, high blood pressure, and seizures are among them. Your healthcare provider will discuss the best medications for you because they are typically tailored for each individual.

Recall that overusing painkillers after a concussion may result in persistent headaches. Painkillers that you get over-the-counter or with a prescription may cause this.

problems with memory and thinking

As of right now, there is no recommended medicine for treating memory and cognitive problems that follow moderate traumatic brain injury. Perhaps the best medicine is simply time. Most of these symptoms go disappear on their own in the weeks to months that follow the injury.

Certain forms of cognitive therapy may be helpful, such as focused rehabilitation in the areas you need to get stronger. Certain individuals may need occupational therapy or speech therapy. Understanding how to handle stress can be helpful because it can aggravate cognitive problems. Relaxation treatment is another potential resource.

Depression and anxiety

Patients often experience an improvement in their symptoms once they understand what is causing them and that they will likely go away in due course. Information may calm anxieties and promote tranquility.

You're experiencing new or increasing anxiety or sadness after a concussion, some therapy alternatives include:

  • Psychoanalytic theory: To address your concerns, it may be helpful to speak with a psychologist or psychiatrist who specializes in treating patients with brain injury.
  • Medical attention: Antidepressants and anxiety drugs are prescribed by doctors to assist treat anxiety and depression.

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Prevention  Of Persistent Post-Concussive syndrome

Preventing repeated post-concussive symptoms requires preventing head injuries from occurring in the first place. The following suggestions can assist you in avoiding significant brain injury, even if it is impossible to prepare for every scenario:

  • Fasten your seat belt every time you drive.
  • A safety seat should be used for children based on their age. If your car has airbags, it's safest for children under 13 to ride in the back seat.
  • Wear a helmet when you and your children ride bikes, rollerblade, go inline skating, skate on the ice, ski, or snowboard. Wear a helmet while you play softball or baseball, skate, ride horses, or run the bases. Wear a helmet when operating a motorbike.
  • Improve lighting, install handrails, and get rid of small area rugs to prevent falls at home.

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