Jun 27, 2023
In Newborns, biliary atresia is the medical term for the condition where bile cannot flow from the liver to the small intestine.
Bile is a fluid that the liver both creates and excretes. It moves from the liver to the small intestine through a network of organs that resemble tubes and is known as the bile duct system, where it helps the body digest and absorb food.
Children with biliary atresia have clogged bile ducts as a result of trauma and scarring. Therefore, bile cannot enter the small intestine. Instead, it accumulates in the liver and damages it.
Read this blog further to get a quick overview of this important topic for SURGERY to ace your NEET PG exam preparation.
Although the exact cause of biliary atresia is unknown, it can be possibly due to:
Following are mentioned some of the signs of biliary atresia:
Other biliary atresia signs and symptoms include:
The doctor will gather the infant's medical history and do a physical examination in order to identify biliary atresia. A pediatric hepatologist, a medical professional who focuses on treating kids with liver disorders, may also request a number of tests, such as:
Biliary atresia has no known treatment. The Kasai technique, a type of surgery, is the primary treatment. In this procedure, the surgeon substitutes the patient's small intestine with the damaged bile ducts that are located outside the liver. The liver will subsequently be immediately drained into the small intestine at that point.
Most biliary atresia cases that undergo this procedure are successful. But if treatment fails, the young patient most likely needs a liver transplant. Depending on when the procedure is done, the child might require a liver transplant even if the surgery is successful.
Surgery Related Articles:
|Wound Healing, Tissue Repair & Scar||Thyroid Related Disorders (Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism)||Everything you need to know about Thyroid-related disorders|
|Cerebrovascular Disease (Meningocele, Arnold Chiari Malformation, Brain Herniation Syndrome)||Congenital Anomalies Of Thyroid||Wound Management: Classification, Syndrome for Surgery Notes|
|Trimodal Mortality Model For Trauma - NEET PG Surgery||Breast Imaging Reporting And Data System - NEET PG Surgery|
Immediate complications following surgery are rare. The majority of issues arise as the liver condition progresses.
It is typical to develop a bile duct infection following the Kasai surgery. Antibiotics given intravenously are used to treat this. Oral antibiotics could be used to continue the treatment.
Itching or jaundice could appear. These are frequently successfully treated with drugs like ursodeoxycholic acid.
Changes in the liver and intestines' blood flow are common in cirrhosis patients. These alterations may result in issues including easily bruised skin, nosebleeds, fluid retention, and swollen veins (varices) in the stomach and esophagus.
A rapid and significant quantity of bleeding in the stomach and intestines may result from increased pressure in these veins.
This might be a major problem. Bleeding can typically be halted with prompt, skilled medical attention. Sometimes, specialized treatments involving the injection of a vessel-hardening (sclerosing) agent are required for treatment.
Diuretics, a class of drugs that aid in flushing out excess water from the body, can be used to treat fluid retention in the body.
Other cirrhosis consequences could develop as the condition worsens.
The child will typically not live past the age of 2 without a liver transplant if surgery is not performed. The timing of the Kasai procedure and the liver's health at the time of surgery determine how long a child will survive after the procedure without a liver transplant. Many people will eventually require a liver transplant, even after a successful procedure.
To scale up your NEET PG preparation with the best-in-class video lectures, QBank, Mock Tests, and more, download the PrepLadder App!
Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for Android
Download PrepLadder's NEET PG preparation app for iOS
Get access to all the essential resources required to ace your medical exam Preparation. Stay updated with the latest news and developments in the medical exam, improve your Medical Exam preparation, and turn your dreams into a reality!
The most popular search terms used by aspirants