Sep 20, 2023
Varicose veins are bulging, twisted veins. Any superficial vein that is close to the skin's surface has a chance of developing varicose veins. The veins that are impacted by varicose veins are most frequently the leg veins due to increased pressure caused by standing and walking.
For many people, varicose veins and spider veins, a typical, modest variation only raise aesthetic concerns whereas varicose veins can cause others to experience throbbing pain and discomfort. More serious problems can occasionally be brought on by varicose veins.
Treatment options include self-care methods or expert procedures to seal or get rid of veins.
Varicose veins may be brought on by weak or broken valves. The arteries carry blood from the heart to every region of the body. Veins from the rest of the body transport blood back to the heart. For blood to return to the heart, leg veins need to resist gravity.
Blood returns to the heart with the help of lower leg muscle contractions and elastic vein walls. Small valves found in veins allow blood to flow towards the heart and close to stop it from flowing in the opposite direction. If these valves are weak or damaged, blood can flow backward and pool in the veins, stretching or twisting the veins.
It's possible that varicose veins do not hurt. The following are symptoms of varicose veins:
The following are examples of painful varicose vein symptoms:
The following factors can make it more probable for varicose veins to appear:
Your doctor will check for edema in your legs when you are standing during your physical examination. You might also be asked to describe any leg pains or aches to your doctor.
To find varicose veins, a doctor may propose a test called a venous Doppler ultrasonography of the leg. Doppler ultrasonography, a non-invasive method, uses sound waves to evaluate blood flow through vein valves. Blood clots in the leg can be identified with an ultrasound.
In this test, a medical professional touches the skin over the body area being examined with a small, hand-held tool (transducer). The transducer resembles a bar of soap in size.
In addition to self-care techniques, varicose veins can be treated with compression stockings, surgery, or other procedures. The majority of varicose vein treatments are done as outpatient operations, so you usually go home the same day.
Self-care practices including exercising, raising the legs when sitting or lying down, and using compression stockings can all help with varicose vein pain relief and possibly prevent them from getting worse.
Wearing compression stockings all day long is typically the first course of treatment. The stockings enhance blood flow through the leg’s veins and muscles. The amounts of compression vary by type and brand.
If self-care techniques and compression stockings are ineffective or if varicose veins are more severe, a healthcare practitioner may recommend surgery or other procedures:
By increasing blood flow and muscular tone, the risk of developing varicose veins may be reduced. The same actions that are taken to ease varicose vein irritation can also be taken to prevent them. Attempt these things:
Varicose vein complications could occur, despite the fact that they are rare.
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