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Chronic Inflammation : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment 

May 4, 2023

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What are the Symptoms of Chronic Inflammation?

What Causes Chronic Inflammation?

How does Chronic Inflammation impact the Body?

How is Chronic Inflammation Diagnosed?

How is Chronic Inflammation Treated?

How does diet impact Chronic Inflammation?

Foods to eat

Foods to avoid

Prognosis of Chronic Inflammation:

Chronic Inflammation : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

To be able to cure itself, your body fights off harmful substances like infections, wounds, and toxins through the process of inflammation.

Your body releases substances that cause your immune system to react when something damages your cells.

In addition to increased blood flow to the wounded area, this reaction also involves the production of proteins and antibodies. The entire process often lasts for a few hours or a few days in the case of acute inflammation, like getting a cut on your knee or coping with a cold.

When this reaction persists, your body enters a condition of continual alertness and chronic inflammation results. In chronic inflammation  tissues and organs suffer long-term effects. According to some Trusted Source studies, chronic inflammation may also be involved in a number of diseases, including cancer and stroke.

Read this blog further to get a quick overview of this important topic for pathology preparation  and ace your NEET PG exam preparation.


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What are the Symptoms of Chronic Inflammation?

Symptoms of acute inflammation, such as discomfort, redness, or swelling, are frequently apparent. However, the signs of chronic inflammation are typically much less obvious. They are therefore simple to miss.

Common symptoms of chronic inflammation include:

  • Fatigue
  • Body pain
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Gastrointestinal complications (diarrhea or constipation)
  • Weight gain
  • Weight loss

Also Read: Cell Injury and Cell Death

What Causes Chronic Inflammation?

Chronic inflammation can result from a variety of factors, such as untreated acute inflammation brought on by an injury or illness; an autoimmune disorder where your immune system erroneously attacks healthy tissue; and long-term exposure to irritants like industrial chemicals or polluted air.

Remember that not everyone who experiences these problems develops chronic inflammation. Additionally, there are some instances of chronic inflammation that lack a known underlying cause.

Additionally, according to experts, a number of other factors, including:

Long-term exposure of chemical  irritants such as industrial chemicals or polluted air,

Untreated causes of acute inflammation, such as an infection or injury, autoimmune disorders, in which your immune system erroneously attacks healthy tissue, and

Remember that not everyone who experiences these problems develops chronic inflammation. Additionally, there are some instances of chronic inflammation that lack a known underlying cause.

Additionally, according to experts, a number of other factors, such as smoking, may also contribute to chronic inflammation.

Reliable Source

Obesity Reliable Source

Alcohol Reliable Source

Persistent anxiety Trusted Source

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How does Chronic Inflammation impact the Body?

Chronic inflammation eventually causes your body's inflammatory response to start harming healthy cells, tissues, and organs. These are all linked to the development of a number of diseases, which may ultimately cause damage of DNA,, tis loss of tissue, and internal scarringes, including:

  • Cancer
  • Heart condition
  • Type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and obesity
  • Asthma
  • Dementia and cognitive deterioration in older adults

How is Chronic Inflammation Diagnosed?

A diagnosis of inflammation by itself is not reliable. However, some blood tests, such as those that concentrate on C-reactive protein (CRP), which signifies infections or inflammation throughout the body (for example, in the joints), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), which signifies inflammation of the heart, are a good place to start.

Many folks don't get a chronic inflammation diagnosis until they've already had another sickness going on. If you think you could be exhibiting any of the classic symptoms of chronic inflammation, talk to your doctor. They will be informed of the first steps to take in the event of a diagnosis.

How is Chronic Inflammation Treated?

An inevitable aspect of the healing process is inflammation. However, if it persists, you should make an effort to control it to lower your risk of long-term harm. The following are some of the options investigated for treating inflammation:

NSAIDs, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), and naproxen (Aleve), among other over-the-counter NSAIDs, are helpful at reducing inflammation and pain. However, prolonged use has been associated with a higher risk of a number of diseases, including kidney and peptic ulcer disease.

Steroids. One class of steroid hormone is corticosteroids. When the immune system starts attacking healthy tissue, they help by reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune system. However, prolonged use of corticosteroids can cause osteoporosis, high blood pressure, and vision issues. Your doctor will consider several factors before recommending corticosteroids.

Curcumin Trusted Source, lipoic acid Trusted Source, and all three have been connected to reduced inflammation; however, additional research is required, particularly in the area of fish oil, to be certain. Several spices, including ginger, garlic, and cayenne, may also help with chronic inflammation and inflammatory diseases, but more research is required before making firm conclusions about the best dosage.

Modifications in way of life. Increased physical activity, dietary adjustments (such as a low glycemic diet and reduced saturated fat consumption), and weight loss (if your doctor advises it) have all been demonstrated to help minimise inflammation.

Also Read: Acute inflammation: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment : Pathology

How does diet impact Chronic Inflammation?

Eating habits can influence chronic inflammation in positive as well as negative ways.

Foods to eat

There are numerous foods with anti-inflammatory qualities. These include foods high in antioxidants and polyphenols, such as: 

  • Olive oil.
  • Leafy vegetables, such as kale and spinach
  • Tomatoes
  • Salmon, sardines, and mackerel nuts are examples of fatty fish.
  • Fruits, especially oranges, cherries, and blueberries

If your doctor or nutritionist has advised you to alter your eating routine, think considering discussing the Mediterranean diet with them. According to a 2018 study Trusted Source, people who followed this diet had lower levels of inflammatory indicators.

Foods to avoid

The following foods have been associated with reduced inflammation in certain people:

  • Refined carbohydrates include things like bread 
  • Other fried foods and French fries.

If you're looking to reduce chronic inflammation, ask your doctor for some recommendations.

Some people's inflammation has been linked to the following foods:

  • French fries and other fried meals
  • processed meat

Your doctor might advise you to eat fewer of these foods if you're attempting to reduce chronic inflammation. While you don't have to completely avoid them, try to limit your intake.

Prognosis of Chronic Inflammation:

Several serious diseases can put you at higher risk if you have chronic inflammation.

Medication, vitamins, minimising stress (where feasible), exercise, and eating a lower-inflammatory diet can all help you lower your chance of developing chronic inflammation. However, it's always advisable to see your doctor before making any lifestyle changes.

Blood tests may be used by your doctor to identify inflammation. Or they may determine that you have a condition like rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, or another autoimmune disorder, which frequently coexists with chronic inflammation.

This is everything that you need to know about chronic inflammation for your pathology preparation. For more interesting and informative blog posts like this download the PrepLadder App and keep reading our blog!


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