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NEET-SS Pediatrics: Important Topics

Oct 21, 2021


We understand the significance of setting realistic targets, and we also know that you can’t study and retain every topic for a given subject. At this stage of your NEET-SS preparation, you need your checklists more than ever before to ensure that you don’t miss out on any important topic. The NEET-SS Dream Team at Prepladder has compiled a list of important Pediatrics topics so that you don’t have to spend hours enlisting those.

To learn about important Medicine topics

To learn about important Surgery topics.

Growth and development

  • Principles of Growth and Development
  • Assessment of Growth and Development
  • Normal growth and development (Fetal, Infant, Preschool, Early school, School, Adolescence)

Perinatology and Neonatology

  • Perinatal Care
  • Normal Newborn
  • High risk pregnancy and high risk neonates, Care in the labor room and resuscitation,
  • Preterm and low birth weight newborn,
  • Newborn feeding,
  • Common transient phenomena,Respiratory distress, Apnea, prenatal, perinatal and postnatal infections, Jaundice, anemia and bleeding disorders,Neurologic disorders,Gastrointestinal disorders,Renal disorders,Malformations,Thermoregulation and its disorders,
  • Neonatal emergencies --Metabolic infections, cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrinal, renal and neurologic -understanding of perinatal medicine and pharmacology Ventilation (Invasive and Non Invasive)


  • Nutritional Requirements- Water, energy, Protein, CHO, Fats, Minerals,Vitamins
  • Protein energy malnutrition
  • Obesity
  • Adolescent nutrition
  • Parenteral and enteral nutrition
  • Vitamin D deficiency and excess
  • Vitamin A deficiency and excess
  • Nutritional management of systemic neonates and children
  • Chronic Illness (Celiac disease, Hepatobiliary disorders, nephrotic syndrome)
  • Inborn Errors of Metabolism (I.E.M ) I.E.M of Protein and amino acids, carbohydrates, Lipids,etc.

Cardiovascular System

  • Congenital heart diseases(cyanotic and acyanotic)
  • Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease
  • Infective endocarditis

Respiratory System

  • Congenital and acquired disorders of nose
  • Development and Function of lung
  • Infections of upper respiratory tract
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Congenital anomalies of lower respiratory tract
  • Foreign body in larynx, trachea & bronchus
  • Trauma to larynx
  • Neoplasm of larynx and trachea chronic
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • GER
  • Acute pneumonia
  •  Bronchial asthma


  • Congenital pyloric stenosis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Acute and chronic diarrhea
  • Hirschsprung’s disease
  • Anorectal malformations
  • Hepatitis & hepatic failure
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Wilson’s disease

Nephrological & Urologic disorders:

  • Embryology, functions, evaluation
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Urinary tract infection
  • VUR and renal scarring
  • Renal involvement in systemic diseases
  • Renal tubular disorders (RTA, DI)
  • Wilm’s Tumor Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances

Neurological disorders:

  • Seizure and non-seizure paroxysmal events- Epilepsy and epileptic syndromes
  • Meningitis of childhood
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • HIV encephalopathy
  • SSPE,Cerebral palsy
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Mental retardation
  • Learning disabilities
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Acute flaccid paralysis and AFP surveillance
  • Ataxias
  • Movement disorders of childhood
  • Malformations and Neuronal Migration Disorders

Hematology & Oncology

  • Development of Hematopoietic system
  • Deficiency anemias
  • Hemolytic anemias
  • Aplastic anemias
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Hemorrhagic Disorders(Acquired and Congenital, Physiology, Bleeding And Coagulation disorders)
  • Blood component therapy
  • Transfusion related infections
  • Bone marrow transplant/stem cell transplant
  • Acute and chronic leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Hodgkin disease
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Retinoblastoma


  • Hypopituitarism/hyperpituitarism
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Pubertal disorders
  • Hypo- and hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Adrenogenital syndromes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Short stature
  • Gonadal dysfunction and intersexuality
  • Obesity


  • Fever
  • Fever without focus
  • Sepsis and shock
  • Tuberculosis
  • Nosocomial
  • HIV
  • Immunization- Principles, Schedules, Controversies, Standard and
  • Optional vaccines, Recent advances in Vaccines

With less than three months left for the exam, it’s time to make the most of PrepLadder’s impeccable content, exam-relevant question bank, and high-yield test series because the brightest dreams deserve the finest resources!

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