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NEET-SS Pediatrics: Important Topics

Oct 21, 2021

NEET SS Important Pediatrics Topics

We understand the significance of setting realistic targets, and we also know that you can’t study and retain every topic for a given subject. At this stage of your NEET-SS preparation, you need your checklists more than ever before to ensure that you don’t miss out on any important topic. The NEET-SS Dream Team at Prepladder has compiled a list of important Pediatrics topics so that you don’t have to spend hours enlisting those.

Given below you will find the list of important topics for pediatrics that will boost your NEET SS pediatrics preparation.

Apart from the important topics for NEET SS pediatrics you can also learn about important Medicine topics and about important Surgery topics.

Let's begin.

Growth and development

  • Principles of Growth and Development
  • Assessment of Growth and Development
  • Normal growth and development (Fetal, Infant, Preschool, Early school, School, Adolescence)

Perinatology and Neonatology

  • Perinatal Care
  • Normal Newborn
  • High risk pregnancy and high risk neonates, Care in the labor room and resuscitation,
  • Preterm and low birth weight newborn,
  • Newborn feeding,
  • Common transient phenomena,Respiratory distress, Apnea, prenatal, perinatal and postnatal infections, Jaundice, anemia and bleeding disorders,Neurologic disorders,Gastrointestinal disorders,Renal disorders,Malformations,Thermoregulation and its disorders,
  • Neonatal emergencies --Metabolic infections, cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrinal, renal and neurologic -understanding of perinatal medicine and pharmacology Ventilation (Invasive and Non Invasive)


  • Nutritional Requirements- Water, energy, Protein, CHO, Fats, Minerals,Vitamins
  • Protein energy malnutrition
  • Obesity
  • Adolescent nutrition
  • Parenteral and enteral nutrition
  • Vitamin D deficiency and excess
  • Vitamin A deficiency and excess
  • Nutritional management of systemic neonates and children
  • Chronic Illness (Celiac disease, Hepatobiliary disorders, nephrotic syndrome)
  • Inborn Errors of Metabolism (I.E.M ) I.E.M of Protein and amino acids, carbohydrates, Lipids,etc.

Cardiovascular System

  • Congenital heart diseases(cyanotic and acyanotic)
  • Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease
  • Infective endocarditis

Respiratory System

  • Congenital and acquired disorders of nose
  • Development and Function of lung
  • Infections of upper respiratory tract
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Congenital anomalies of lower respiratory tract
  • Foreign body in larynx, trachea & bronchus
  • Trauma to larynx
  • Neoplasm of larynx and trachea chronic
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • GER
  • Acute pneumonia
  •  Bronchial asthma


  • Congenital pyloric stenosis
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Acute and chronic diarrhea
  • Hirschsprung’s disease
  • Anorectal malformations
  • Hepatitis & hepatic failure
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Wilson’s disease

Nephrological & Urologic disorders:

  • Embryology, functions, evaluation
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Urinary tract infection
  • VUR and renal scarring
  • Renal involvement in systemic diseases
  • Renal tubular disorders (RTA, DI)
  • Wilm’s Tumor Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances

Neurological disorders:

  • Seizure and non-seizure paroxysmal events- Epilepsy and epileptic syndromes
  • Meningitis of childhood
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • HIV encephalopathy
  • SSPE,Cerebral palsy
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Mental retardation
  • Learning disabilities
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Acute flaccid paralysis and AFP surveillance
  • Ataxias
  • Movement disorders of childhood
  • Malformations and Neuronal Migration Disorders

Hematology & Oncology

  • Development of Hematopoietic system
  • Deficiency anemias
  • Hemolytic anemias
  • Aplastic anemias
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Hemorrhagic Disorders(Acquired and Congenital, Physiology, Bleeding And Coagulation disorders)
  • Blood component therapy
  • Transfusion related infections
  • Bone marrow transplant/stem cell transplant
  • Acute and chronic leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Hodgkin disease
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Retinoblastoma


  • Hypopituitarism/hyperpituitarism
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Pubertal disorders
  • Hypo- and hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Adrenogenital syndromes
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Short stature
  • Gonadal dysfunction and intersexuality
  • Obesity


  • Fever
  • Fever without focus
  • Sepsis and shock
  • Tuberculosis
  • Nosocomial
  • HIV
  • Immunization- Principles, Schedules, Controversies, Standard and
  • Optional vaccines, Recent advances in Vaccines

Also Read: Aneuploidies Including Turner And Klinefelter Syndrome

And that is it! You now have the complete list of important topics for NEET SS pediatrics in your hands. So make sure you thoroughly study each and every topic listed above to ace your NEET SS pediatrics exam preparation.

With less than three months left for the exam, it’s time to make the most of PrepLadder’s impeccable content, exam-relevant question bank, and high-yield test series because the brightest dreams deserve the finest resources!

Auther Details

Ridhima Arora

Ridhima is a Content Writer at PrepLadder. She aims at making a significant difference in the academic journeys of Medical PG, NEET SS, and CAT aspirants through her content.


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