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Important Topics in Surgery for NEET-PG by Dr. Pritesh Singh

Nov 28, 2018

PrepLadder 6.0

Surgery is essentially an important aspect of Medical PG entrance owing to its high weightage in entrance exams. Owing to the vast syllabi of Surgery, it is impossible to remember everything during the exam. Therefore, a selective study is the best approach to prepare Surgery for Medical PG Entrance Exams With a view to make your preparations more effective, we approached the famous faculty of Surgery, Dr. Pritesh Singh to guide you with the important topics from the NEET-PG perspective. Dr.Singh has himself prepared the list of the important topics.

Important Topics of Surgery for NEET-PG

S. No. Chapter Topics
1 Breast Nipple Discharge Breast Cancer Investigations in CA Breast Mammography BIRADS BRCA mutation DCIS & LCIS Types of Mastectomy Complications of Mastectomy Breast Reconstruction Breast Conservative Surgery Hormonal Therapy in Carcinoma Breast Luminal criteria Multigene test (Oncotype Dx, PAM-50, Mammaprint) Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma Breast Cancer during Pregnancy Mondor's Disease Duct Papilloma Duct ectasia Cystosarcoma Phyllodes Paget’s Disease of Nipple Breast Abscess Fibroadenoma
2 Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma Follicular carcinoma Medullary Carcinoma Solitary Thyroid Nodule Thyrotoxicosis Grave's Disease Thyroidectomy Post-Thyroidectomy Complications Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis de Quervain's Thyroiditis Riedel's Thyroiditis Thyroglossal cyst
3 Parathyroid & adrenal Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Hyperparathyroidism Cushing’s Syndrome Adrenal Incidentaloma Pheochromocytoma Neuroblastoma
4 Liver Pyogenic Liver Abscess Amoebic Liver Abscess Hydatid Disease Gharbi Classification of Hydatid Cyst PAIR Liver Hemangioma Focal Nodular Hyperplasia Hepatocellular Carcinoma Okuda Staging System for HCC Milan criteria Fibrolamellar HCC Liver Metastasis Hepatoblastoma Liver Transplantation Pringle Maneuver Liver Anatomy Caudate Lobe Courvoisier’s Law
5 Portal Hypertension Etiology of Portal Hypertension Variceal Bleeding Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) Score MELD score PELD score Sengstaken and Blakemore tube TIPSS Surgical Shunts Peritoneovenous Shunt Non-Cirrhotic Portal Fibrosis Extra-Hepatic Portal Venous Obstruction (EHPVO) Budd-Chiari Syndrome Veno-occlusive Disease
6 Gall Bladder Cholesterol Gall Stones Black Stones Brown Stones HIDA Scan Gall Stones: Complications & Treatment Acute Cholecystitis Medical Therapy for Gall Stones Gallstone Ileus Mucocele Indications of Prophylactic cholecystectomy Acalculous Cholecystitis Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis Emphysematous Cholecystitis Mirizzi’s Syndrome Strawberry Gallbladder Gallbladder Polyp Adenomyomatosis Gallbladder Carcinoma Gallbladder: Anatomy & Physiology
7 Bile duct Choledochal Cyst Choledocholithiasis Cholangitis ERCP MRCP PTC Bile Duct Injury Bismuth Classification of Bile Duct Strictures Strasberg Classification of Laparoscopic Biliary Injuries Biliary Atresia Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Cholangiocarcinoma Hemobilia
8 Pancreas Causes of Acute Pancreatitis Drugs Associated With Pancreatitis Acute Pancreatitis Ranson’s Prognostic Criteria APACHE-II scoring system BISAP score Pseudocyst Pancreatic Necrosis Chronic Pancreatitis Intraductal papillary Mucinous Neoplasm Mucinous Cystadenoma of Pancreas Serous Cystadenoma of Pancreas Carcinoma Pancreas Periampullary Carcinoma Whipple’s Procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy) Insulinoma Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome Glucagonoma VIPomas Pancreas Divisum Annular Pancreas
9 Esophagus Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (Bochdalek Hernia or Posterolateral Hernia) Hiatus Hernia Fundoplication Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Achalasia Cardia Diffuse Esophageal Spasm Zenker’s Diverticulum Midesophageal or Traction Diverticula (AIIMS) Plummer Vinson Syndrome Barrett’s Esophagus Carcinoma Esophagus Types of esophagectomy Replacement Conduits after Esophagectomy Siewert classification Leiomyoma Dysphagia Lusoria Boerhaave's Syndrome Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula Schatzki's Rings Esophageal Sphincter
10 Stomach Peptic Ulcer Modified Johnson’s Classification of Gastric Ulcer Complications of Peptic Ulcer Vagotomy Billroth Gastrectomy Benign & Malignant Ulcer Duodenal Ulcer Gastrectomy & Complications Dumping syndrome BLEED risk Classification Blatchford scale Rockall & Baylor Score The Forrest Classification Mallory Weiss Syndrome Dieulafoy’s Lesion Watermelon Stomach Ménétrier’s Disease Carcinoma Stomach Lauren Classification Treatment of Carcinoma Stomach Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Duodenal Atresia Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Trichobezoar Stress gastritis (Stress ulcerations)
11 Peritoneum Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Pneumoperitoneum Secondary Bacterial Peritonitis Enteric Fever Mesenteric Cyst Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Pelvic abscess
12 Intestinal obstruction Small Bowel Obstruction Intussusception Meconium Ileus Mesenteric Ischemia Paralytic Ileus Large Bowel Obstruction Colonic Pseudo-obstruction Sigmoid volvulus Cecal volvulus Malrotation
13 Small intestine Meckel's diverticulum Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome Short bowel syndrome Intestinal Atresia Carcinoid Tumors
14 Large intestine Hirschsprung's Disease Colonic Diverticula Colorectal Polyps Peutz-Jegher’s Syndrome Adenomatous Polyps FAP HNPCC Carcinoma colon Colonic Ischemia Pseudomembranous Colitis Lower Gastrointestinal Bleed
15 Ileostomy & colostomy Complications of Ileostomy & colostomy
16 Inflammatory Bowel Disease Pathological & radiological features of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis Management of Crohn’s disease & Ulcerative colitis
17 Appendix Acute Appendicitis Alvarado (MANTRELS) score Ochsner-Sherren Regime Appendiceal carcinoid Appendectomy incisions
18 Rectum & anal canal Carcinoma Rectum Hemorrhoid Rectal Prolapse Ano-Rectal Abscess Fistula-in-Ano Goodsall’s rule Anal Fissure Pilonidal Sinus Carcinoma Anal Canal HPV Vaccines
19 Hernia Risk Factors for Hernia Inguinal Hernia Management of Inguinal Hernia Bassini repair Shouldice repair Lichtenstein repair Laparoscopic & Pre-Peritoneal Repairs Triangle of Doom Triangle of Pain Corona Mortis Strangulated Inguinal Hernia Femoral Hernia Spigelian Hernia Sliding Hernia Lumbar Hernia Obturator Hernia Omphalocele & Gastroschisis Epigastric hernia Littre’s Hernia Incisional Hernia Desmoid Tumour
20 Spleen Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Indications for Splenectomy Complications of Splenectomy OPSI Splenic Tumors Splenic Cyst Accessory Spleen
21 Kidney & ureter Renal Calculi: types, clinical features, diagnosis & treatment Urine: Cast & crystals ESWL PCNL URS GU TB Pyelonephritis Perinephric abscess & pyonephrosis Hydronephrosis Angiomyolipoma RCC Wilm’s Tumor ADPKD Pelviureteric (PUJ) obstruction Retrocaval Ureter Horseshoe Kidney Ureterocele Duplication of Ureter Ectopic Ureteral Orifice Vesicoureteric Reflux (VUR) Patent Urachus
22 Urinary Bladder Extrophy of Bladder (Ectopia Vesicae) Endemic Bladder Calculi Secondary Bladder Calculi X-ray of bladder stone Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis) Carcinoma Urinary Bladder Intravesical chemotherapy Bladder Rupture
23 Prostate Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Absolute indications for surgery in BPH Treatment of BPH TURP Prostatectomy Carcinoma Prostate Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Acute Bacterial Prostatitis Prostatic Calculi
24 Penis & urethra Hypospadias Epispadias Posterior urethral valve Phimosis Paraphimosis Priapism Urinary tract Infection Urethral Injury Stricture Urethra RGU & MCU Carcinoma Penis
25 Testis & scrotum Undescended Testis Testicular Torsion Varicocele Hydrocele Acute Epididymoorchitis Fournier’s Gangrene Predisposing factors for Testicular GCTs Testicular Tumors Tumour Markers of Testicular Tumors Seminoma
26 Arterial disorders Peripheral Arterial Occlusion Buerger's Disease Lumbar Sympathectomy Critical Limb Ischemia Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Arterial Ulcer Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Diabetic Foot Aortic Dissection Aortic Aneurysm Cut off diameter of aneurysm for surgery Pseudoaneurysm Subclavian Steal Syndrome Vascular Graft Takayasu's Arteritis Giant cell arteritis
27 Venous disorders Hypercoagulable States & DVT Risk Factors DVT Varicose Veins Subfascial Endoscopic Perforator Vein Surgery (SEPS) Tourniquet test Injection sclerotherapy Venous Ulcers Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome Kasabach-Meritt Syndrome Migratory Thrombophlebitis
28 Lymphatics Lymphedema Treatment of Lymphoedema Filariasis
29 Thorax & Lung Mediastinal tumors Locations of the Common Mediastinal Masses Thymoma Bronchogenic Cyst Pleural Effusion Pneumothorax Tension Pneumothorax Hemothorax Indications of Thoracotomy Lung Abscess Pulmonary Hamartoma Bronchial Adenoma Bronchial Carcinoid Malignant Mesothelioma WHO Classification of Carcinoma Lung Bronchogenic Carcinoma Pulmonary Embolism Fat Embolism Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pulmonary Tuberculosis Myxoma
30 Burns Burn Size (% BSA) Causes of death in Burn patients Fever in Burn Patients Burns Depth & Classification of burn wound Parkland formula & Fluid Resuscitation
31 Plastic surgery Skin Grafting: Split thickness & full thickness Flaps Marjolin’s Ulcer Squamous Cell Carcinoma Basal Cell Carcinoma Malignant Melanoma Vascular Anomalies Sequence of repair in Hand Injuries Neuropathic foot / Trophic ulcers
32 Wounds, Tissue repair & scar Factors that inhibit Wound Healing Keloid & Hypertrophic Scar
33 Cerebrovascular disease Berry aneurysm Cerebrovascular Stroke Duret Hemorrhage EDH & SDH Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Skull Base Fractures Brain Herniation Diffuse Axonal Injuries Glasgow Coma Scale Arnold-Chiari malformation Meningocele Myelomeningocele Hydrocephalus Kernohan’s Notch Phenomenon
34 CNS tumors CNS Tumors: Predisposing Factors Astrocytoma Ependymoma Oligodendroglioma (ODG) Medulloblastoma Meningioma Pituitary adenoma Craniopharyngioma Brain Metastasis Primary CNS Lymphoma Stereotactic Radiosurgery
35 Oral cavity Carcinoma Oral Cavity: Predisposing Factors Leukoplakia Erythroplakia Speckled erythroplakia Oral Submucous Fibrosis Carcinoma Lip Lip Reconstruction: Abbe-Estlander flap Carcinoma Tongue Commando’s operation Mandibulectomy Dental Cyst, Dentigerous Cyst & Ameloblastoma
36 Salivary glands Pleomorphic Adenoma Warthin’s Tumor Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Sialolithiasis Complications of Parotidectomy Frey’s syndrome Ranula
37 Neck Carotid Body Tumor Cystic Hygroma Branchial Cyst & Fistula Thyroglossal cyst Cervical Rib Neck Dissection
38 Facial abnormalities Cleft Lip & Palate Fractures of the mandible Zygomatic Bone Fracture Le Fort Fractures
39 Oncology Tumor Markers Screening in Malignancy Bone Metastasis Oncological Emergencies Tumor Lysis Syndrome Hypercalcemia of Malignancy Typhlitis (Neutropenic Enterocolitis) Superior Vena Cava  (SVC) Syndrome Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
40 Soft tissue sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Angiosarcoma Liposarcoma Leiomyosarcoma Sarcomas with Lymph Node Metastasis Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans
41 Pediatric surgery Sacrococcygeal Teratoma
42 Trauma ATLS protocol ABCDE Primary survey Secondary survey Triage Trauma Scoring System Blunt Trauma Abdomen Seat Belt Injury FAST DPL Trauma triad of death Damage Control Surgery Abdominal Compartment Syndrome Trauma: Liver, spleen, kidney, pancreas Penetrating Abdominal Injuries Neck Injuries Blast Injuries Flail chest Pericardial Tamponade Diaphragmatic Injury
43 Transplantation Organ Preservation Solution Types of Graft Matching & Graft Rejection Maastricht classification Liver, kidney, pancreas Transplantation Heart & lung Transplantation Complications of Transplantation Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) Maximum and Optimal Cold Storage Times
44 Laparoscopy & Bariatric surgery Laparoscopy VATS NOTES Bariatric Surgery
45 Sutures & anastomosis Suture Materials Catgut Vicryl Prolene Ethilon Monocryl Anastomoses Mesh
46 Sterilization & infection Techniques of Sterilization Prophylactic Antibiotics SIRS & MODS Necrotizing Fasciitis Erysipelas & Cellulitis Gas Gangrene Chronic Burrowing ulcer Hospital Acquired Infection Causes of Post-operative Fever
47 Fluid, electrolyte & nutrition Enteral Nutrition Total Parenteral Nutrition Refeeding Syndrome
48 Blood Transfusion Complications of Blood Transfusion Characteristics of Selected Blood Components Anticoagulants
49 Shock Types of shock Four Classes of Hemorrhagic Shock
Important 8th AJCC TNM Classification
  1. Carcinoma Breast
  2. Carcinoma Gallbladder
  3. Carcinoma Stomach
  4. Colorectal cancer
  5. Carcinoma Oral Cavity
  6. Carcinoma Cervix
  7. Carcinoma Endometrium
  8. Carcinoma Ovary
For tips & detailed video discussion on complete Surgery, download Surgery app by Dr. Pritesh Singh The app includes video lectures covering entire Surgery, Tests with Video Discussion, Question Bank, Free daily updates and much more. Also Read: Trimodal Mortality Model For Trauma - NEET PG Surgery Stay tuned for more updates.!! Keep Following PrepLadder..
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