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FMGE Previous Year Question Papers 

Aug 17, 2023

FMGE previous year questions and answers

FMG exam serves as a critical bridge for foreign medical graduates who wish to practice medicine in India. However, acing FMGE brings its own set of challenges. Aspirants preparing for this formidable exam understand the importance of knowing the exam pattern, and what better way to navigate it than by exploring the FMGE Previous Year Question Papers? 

In this comprehensive guide, you will discover recall-based FMGE PYQs that will offer invaluable insight into the exam's pattern, trends, and most importantly, the path to success. Read on.

FMGE 2023 Question Paper

FMGE was conducted on 20th January 2023. You can catch a glimpse of the questions asked in the exam from each subject along with their correct answers below.

FMGE 2023 Biochemistry Questions

Topic: Amino Acids and Proteins Chemistry

Melanin is derived from which of the following amino acids?
1. Tyrosine
2. Tryptophan
3. Phenylalanine
4. Alanine
Correct Answer: Tyrosine

Topic: Carbohydrate Metabolism

Which of the following cell pathways occurs exclusively in cell cytoplasm?
1. Beta oxidation
2. TCA Cycle
3. Glycolysis
4. Urea cycle
Correct Answer: Glycolysis

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FMGE 2023 Microbiology Questions

Topic: General Microbiology

The culture media that is used to differentiate lactose fermenters and non-lactose fermenters is
1. Bile Salt Sugar
2. Thayer-Martin agar
3. Sabouraud Dextrose Agar
4. Mac-Conkey agar
Correct Answer: Mac-Conkey agar

Topic: General Microbiology

A truck driver comes with complaints of a painless indurated genital ulcer after unsafe intercourse. Which of the following investigations can be used to diagnose the causative organism?
1. Dark Field microscopy
2. HSV 2 antibody
3. Albert Stain
4. Acid-fast Stain
Correct Answer: Dark Field microscopy

FMGE 2023 Radiology Questions

Topic: Radiotherapy

A cancer patient undergoing radiotherapy is given a dose of 1.8 to 2 Gy once daily for 5 days per week for a duration of 6 to 8 weeks. What is this type of radiotherapy called?
1. Regular Fractionated radiotherapy
2. Hyper Fractionated radiotherapy
3. Accelerated Fractionated radiotherapy
4. Brachytherapy
Correct Answer: Regular Fractionated radiotherapy

Topic: Radiotherapy

Whole-body CT scan protocol for a trauma patient includes all, except
1. CT-head
2. CT-cervical spine
Correct Answer: CT-Limbs

FMGE 2023 Anatomy Questions

Topic: Head and Neck

The nerve supply of the larynx above the level of the vocal cords is by __
1. Superior laryngeal nerve
2. Recurrent laryngeal nerve
3. Glossopharyngeal nerve
4. External laryngeal nerve
Correct Answer: Superior laryngeal nerve

Topic: Lower Limb

A patient presented to the OPD with an abnormal gait. On examination, a right-sided hip drop was observed when the patient was asked to stand on the left foot. Which of the following muscles are paralyzed in this patient?
1. Right gluteus maximus and gluteus medius
2. Right gluteus medius and gluteus minimus
3. Left gluteus maximus and gluteus medius
4. Left gluteus medius and gluteus minimus
Correct Answer: Left gluteus medius and gluteus minimus

FMGE 2023 Ophthalmology Questions

Topic: Cornea

The SAFE strategy given by WHO forms the mainstream of the management of Trachoma. What does the S in the acronym represent? 
1. Surgery 
2. Symptoms 
3. Spectacles
4. Symbol
Correct Answer: Left gluteus medius and gluteus minimus

Topic: Diseases of Lens

The 68-year-old female patient has had a diabetic cataract for 3 months. Accumulation of which of the following substances is responsible for this?
1. Glucose
2. Fructose 
3. Lactose + Glucose
4. Sorbitol + Fructose
Correct Answer: Sorbitol + Fructose

FMGE 2023 Surgery Questions

Topic: Urology

A 44-year-old lady presents to the hospital with a ballotable flank mass. On CT imaging, the mass measures 4cm. Urine examination shows malignant cells. What is the most appropriate management for her condition?
1. Partial nephrectomy
2. Partial nephrectomy + neoadjuvant chemotherapy 
3. Radical nephrectomy
4. Radical nephrectomy + + postoperative radiotherapy
Correct Answer: Partial nephrectomy

Topic: Urology

Which of the following will have unilateral hydronephrosis?
1. Phimosis
2. Posterior urethral valves 
3. Urethral strictures
4. Retrocaval ureter
Correct Answer: Retrocaval ureter

FMGE 2023 Dermatology Questions

Topic: Papulosquamous Disorders

A 26-year-old male presented with erythematous plaques covered with silvery scales over the extensor surfaces of both arms. Punctate pitting was noted on examining the nails. What is the most likely diagnosis?
1. Psoriasis
2. Lichen Planus 
3. Eczema
4. Pityriasis rosea
Correct Answer: Psoriasis
A baby presents to the OPD; the image below shows the findings. What is the probable diagnosis?
A beautiful landscape image
1. Portwine stain
2. Cavernous hemangioma
3. Naevus simplex
4. Capillary hemangioma
Correct Answer: Capillary hemangioma

FMGE 2023 Anesthesia Questions

Topic: Intravenous Anesthetic Agents

Which of the following is most suitable for intravenous regional anesthesia?
1. Bupivacaine
2. Mepivacaine
3. Procaine
4. Lidocaine
Correct Answer: Lidocaine

Topic: Oxygen Therapy

Which of the following airway devices helps maintain Fio2 of 0.25-0.60, irrespective of the patient's breathing effort?
1. Nasal cannula
2. Simple face mask 
3. Venturi mask 
4. Non-rebreathing mask
Correct Answer: Venturi mask

FMGE 2023 ENT Questions

Topic: Ear

A 35-year-old woman presented to the clinic with the symptoms of hearing loss and pulsatile tinnitus. Further examination reveals conductive hearing loss with the Rinne test negative. A reddish mass is seen behind the tympanic membrane. What is the most likely diagnosis for this patient?
1. Acute otitis media
2. Chronic otitis media 
3. Glomus tumor 
4. Serous otitis media
Correct Answer: Glomus tumor

Topic: Pharynx

A 16-year-old boy presented with recurrent epistaxis. There is no history of trauma associated with it. On examination, there is a firm purplish mass on the left posterior choanae. Which of the following is the most appropriate for managing this patient?
1. Needle biopsy 
2. FNAC 
3. Radiotherapy  
4. Surgical excision
Correct Answer: Surgical excision

FMGE 2023 Pharmacology Questions

Topic: CVS Pharmacology

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the mechanism of action of labetalol?
1. Directly acts as arterial vasodilator resulting in indirect effect tachycardia. 
2. Blocks both alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors. 
3. Primarily acts as a vasodilator with little effect on arterioles  
4. Decreases peripheral vascular resistance by directly acting as a relaxant for vascular smooth muscles.
Correct Answer: Blocks both alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors.

Topic: GIT Pharmacology

Which of these drugs stimulates PPAR-alpha? PPAR alpha-Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha:
1. Gemfibrozil 
2. Ezetimibe
3. Colestipol 
4. Simvastatin
Correct Answer: Gemfibrozil

FMGE 2023 Orthopaedics Questions

Topic: Spine + Pelvis + Lower Limb Traumatology

A 60-year-old female patient complains of pain and swelling in the left wrist following a fall on an outstretched hand. On examination, dinner fork deformity can be noticed. What is the most likely displacement seen in this patient?
1. Proximal and ventral displacement of radius 
2. Proximal and dorsal displacement of radius
3. Proximal and dorsal displacement of ulna 
4. Proximal and ventral displacement of ulna
Correct Answer: Proximal and dorsal displacement of radius

Topic: Arthritis

An elderly patient with the following deformity was brought to the OPD. What is the most probable diagnosis?
Rheumatoid arthritis
1. Rickets
2. Osteomalacia
3. Osteoarthritis 
4. Rheumatoid arthritis
Correct Answer: Rheumatoid arthritis

FMGE 2023 Psychiatry Questions

Topic: Mood Disorders

A 38-year-old professor with depression requests you to prescribe an antidepressant that would be least likely to cause sexual dysfunction. Which of the following drugs would you prescribe?
1. Bupropion
2. Escitalopram
3. Venlafaxine 
4. Fluoxetine
Correct Answer: Bupropion

Topic: Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders

What is the most common symptom of cannabis intake?
1. Anxiety 
2. Depressed mood
3. Dream-like state 
4. Decreased appetite 
Correct Answer: Dream-like state

FMGE 2023 Physiology Questions

Topic: Cardiovascular System

What is the cause of death in Diabetic ketoacidosis?
1. Sepsis 
2. Dehydration
3. Hypokalemia 
4. Cerebral edema 
Correct Answer: Cerebral edema

Topic: The Nervous System

Which among the following is true regarding creatinine clearance?
1. Equal to inulin clearance  
2. It is less than inulin clearance
3. It is more than inulin clearance 
4. Equal to renal plasma flow
Correct Answer: Equal to renal plasma flow

FMGE 2023 Medicine Questions

Topic: Pulmonology

A 65-year-old male presented with unexplained fever and prolonged respiratory distress despite appropriate treatment. A diagnosis of cryptic tuberculosis was made. Which of the following is the correct statement related to this condition?
1. Positive skin tuberculin test and negative chest X-ray 
2. Positive skin tuberculin test and positive chest X-ray
3. Negative skin tuberculin test and negative chest X-ray
4. Negative skin tuberculin test and positive chest X-ray
Correct Answer: Negative skin tuberculin test and negative chest X-ray
Which of the following is not a component of Child-Pugh scoring?
1. Albumin
2. Bilirubin
3. Prothrombin Time
4. LFT
Correct Answer: LFT

FMGE 2023 Pediatrics Questions

Topic: Common Childhood Poisonings

A child who has overdosed on iron tablets comes with nausea and abdominal pain. What is the antidote for this toxicity?
2. Deferoxamine
3. British anti-Lewisite
4. Penicillamine
Correct Answer: Deferoxamine

Topic: Growth

Gonadal growth corresponds with _____.
1. Skeletal system
2. Lymphoid growth
3. Brain
4. Dental Growth
Correct Answer: Brain

FMGE 2023 PSM Questions

Topic: Vaccines and Cold Chain

A study was conducted to compare MMR vaccine history in children with autism and children without autism. What kind of study is being done here?
1. Cross-sectional study
2. Cohort study
3. Case-control study
4. Clinical trial
Correct Answer: Case-control study

Topic: National Health Programs

Which of the following is not a component of the RCH program?
1. Safe motherhood
2. Women education and empowerment
3. Children and newborn care
4. Screening and treatment of STD/RTI
Correct Answer: Women education and empowerment

FMGE 2023 Gynaecology & Obstetrics Questions

Topic: Obstetrics

What is the definition of a post-term neonate?
1. Neonate born after 37 weeks of gestation
2. Neonate born between 37-40 weeks of gestation
3. Neonate born after 40 weeks of gestation
4. Neonate born after 42 weeks of gestation
Correct Answer: Neonate born after 42 weeks of gestation

Topic: Obstetrics

If the division in the zygote occurs between 9-12 days after fertilization, which of the following twin is expected?
1. Dichorionic diamniotic
2. Conjoint
3. Monochorionic diamniotic
4. Monochorionic monoamniotic
Correct Answer: Monochorionic monoamniotic

FMGE 2023 Forensic Medicine Questions

Topic: Forensic Thanatology

Post-mortem examination of a dead body reveals contraction of the hands with absent primary relaxation. What is this suggestive of?
1. Rigor mortis
2. Livor mortis
3. Cadaveric spasm
4. Algor mortis
Correct Answer: Cadaveric spasm

Topic: Forensic Thanatology

Following the recovery of a beheaded skull bone by the police, the relatives of a missing person want to confirm his identity. Which of the following techniques can be used to figure out a person's identity using the beheaded skull bone and photograph of the person?
1. Superimposition
2. Anthropometry
3. DNA fingerprinting
4. Cheiloscopy
Correct Answer: Superimposition

Download along with the explanations for all the correct and incorrect options now.

FMGE June 2022 Question paper

In 2022, FMGE was conducted on 4th June. Enlisted below are the questions asked in the exam from each subject  along with their correct answers below.

FMGE 2022 Microbiology Question

Topic: Systemic Bacteriology

A patient has a blister on hand followed by axillary lymphadenopathy. What will you ask the patient with regard to history?
1. History of exposure to rat
2. History of exposure to cat
3. History of similar complaint in family members
4. History of tick bite
Correct Answer: History of exposure to cat

FMGE 2022 Parasitology Question

Topic: Parasitology

A patient came to the gynecology OPD with complaints of foul-smelling frothy vaginal discharge and intense itching. On examination, the cervix appeared strawberry-like. Which of the following statement is false regarding the causative organism?
1. It exists in cyst and trophozoite form
2. It is an obligate parasite
3. The gold standard for diagnosis is culture on CPLM or PEM
4. The treatment of choice is metronidazole
Correct Answer: It exists in cyst and trophozoite form

FMGE 2022 Biochemistry Question

Topic: Vitamins

A 34-year-old male was on maize as a staple diet for a prolonged period. He was presented with diarrhea and lesions over his neck as shown in the image below. The condition occurs due to deficiency of:
Niacin Deficiency
1. Niacin
2. Zinc
3. Thiamine
4. Iron
Correct Answer: Niacin

FMGE 2022 Biochemistry Question

Topic: Enzymes

Which of the following is true regarding the Michaelis-Menten graph?
1. Km is directly proportional to substrate concentration
2. Km is directly proportional to enzyme concentration
3. Km is indirectly proportional to substrate concentration
4. Km has no relation to substrate concentration
Correct Answer: Km is directly proportional to substrate concentration

FMGE 2022 Radiology Questions

Topic: Musculoskeletal Radiology

What diagnosis can be derived from the image given below?
Potts Spine
1. Multiple myeloma
2. Ankylosing spondylitis
3. Pyogenic spondylitis
4. Pott’s Spine
Correct Answer: Pott’s Spine

FMGE 2022 Thoracic Radiology

A 74-year-old gentleman presents to the OPD with a history of significant unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite and iron deficiency anemia. A chest x-ray was done and is given below. What is the diagnosis?
1. Bronchogenic carcinoma
2. Mesothelioma
3. Metastasis
4. Pneumoconiosis
Correct Answer: Metastasis

FMGE 2022 Anatomy Questions

Topic: General Embryology

A newborn had hypoplasia of the mandibles and zygomatic bones, malformed external ears, and slanted palpebral fissures. Abnormality in the development of which of the following pharyngeal arches will most likely lead to the given condition?
1. Pharyngeal arch 1
2. Pharyngeal arch 2
3. Pharyngeal arch 3
4. Pharyngeal arch 4
Correct Answer: Pharyngeal arch 1

Topic: Head and Neck

A patient underwent a left submandibular gland excision during which the hypoglossal nerve was injured. Which of the following deficits would be seen in this case?
1. Deviated tongue to the contralateral side
2. Deviated tongue to the same side
3. Inability to protrude tongue
4. Loss of taste in posterior 1/3rd of the tongue
Correct Answer: Deviated tongue to the same side

FMGE 2022 Ophthalmology Questions

Topic: Retina

A 61-year-old university professor presents with a loss of vision in his left eye. He describes the sensation as a curtain being drawn over his affected eye. In addition, 7 days ago the patient noticed what he described as flashing lights and floaters. He gives a history of having cataract surgery in the same eye 3 weeks ago. A B-scan image of his left eye is shown below. What could be his condition?
Retinal detachment
1. Glaucoma
2. Retinal tumor
3. Retinal detachment
4. Corneal ulcer
Correct Answer: Retinal detachment

Topic: Introduction to Ophthalmology

Which of the following combinations of cylindrical lenses can be used to treat with the rule astigmatism?
1. +5.00 DC x 180, -3.00 DC x 90
2. +7.00 DC x 180, +5.00 DC x 90
3. -4.00 DC x 180, -5.00 DC x 90
4. -3.00 DC x 180, +1.00 DC x 90
Correct Answer: -3.00 DC x 180, +1.00 DC x 90

FMGE 2022 Surgery Questions

Topic: General Surgery

What is the ideal time and method of removing hair before surgery to avoid surgical site infection?
1. On the OT table with electric hair clippers
2. With a razor 24 hours before surgery
3. With a hair removal cream on the previous day
4. On the OT table with a razor
Correct Answer: On the OT table with electric hair clippers

Topic: Gastrointestinal Surgery

A 23-year-old male had acute appendicitis 3 days ago and presented to the surgery department with abdominal pain and tenderness. Which of the following incisions would be appropriate for this condition?
Retinal detachment
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 5
Correct Answer: 3

FMGE 2022 Dermatology Questions

Topic: Introduction to Dermatology

Which of the following is the causative agent for acne fulminans?
1. Actinomyces
2. Propionibacterium
3. Mobiluncus
4. Bifidobacterium
Correct Answer: Propionibacterium

Topic: Viral Infections

Koebner’s phenomenon is seen in all of the following, except?
1. Vitiligo
2. Psoriasis
3. Lichen Planus
4. Herpes
Correct Answer: Herpes

FMGE 2022 Anaesthesia Questions

Topic: Neuromuscular Blockade

Which of the following is the best method to assess the degree of muscle relaxation?
1. Tetanic Stimulation
2. Double burst stimulation
3. Train of four
4. Electromyography
Correct Answer: Train of four

FMGE 2022 ENT Questions

Topic: Nose and Paranasal Sinuses

A 60-year-old male presents with painless cervical lymphadenopathy. On examination, the right ear reveals conductive hearing loss with a dull tympanic membrane. Moreover, decreased mobility of the soft palate was also noted. What is the probable diagnosis?
1. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
2. Adenoid cystic cancer
3. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
4. Quinsy
Correct Answer: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Topic: Larynx

A 4-year-old boy presents with low-grade fever, inspiratory stridor, and barking cough for the past 5 days. Examination reveals a hoarse voice, a moderately inflamed pharynx, and a slightly increased respiratory rate. His chest x-ray showed subglottic narrowing appearing like a steeple. Which among the following is not indicated in the treatment of this condition?
1. Nebulized racemic epinephrine
2. Parenteral cefotaxime
3. Helium oxygen mixture
4. Intramuscular dexamethasone
Correct Answer: Parenteral cefotaxime

FMGE 2022 Pharmacology Questions

Topic: Autacoids

A patient presents with swelling in MCP joints, and his serum uric acid levels were found to be elevated. His physician prescribed a drug which is considered as the first line agent in the management of this condition. What is the mechanism of this drug?
1. Pyrimidine antimetabolite
2. Inhibitor of neutrophil recruitment
3. Uricosuric drug
4. Xanthine oxidase inhibitor
Correct Answer: Xanthine oxidase inhibitor

FMGE 2022 Pharmacology Questions

Topic: GIT Pharmacology

A tourist with a travel history to India presents with complaints of abdominal pain and multiple episodes of watery diarrhea. He reports having food at a local restaurant the previous night. Which of the following antidiarrheal agents is used in this condition?
1. Octreotide
2. Loperamide
3. Rifaximin
4. Bismuth subsalicylate
Correct Answer: Loperamide

FMGE 2022 Orthopaedics Questions

Topic: General + Upper Limb Traumatology

A patient presents with swelling and tenderness in the anatomical snuffbox after sustaining a fall on their outstretched hand. The image given below shows the cast used to manage the patient’s injury. Identify the fracture.
Scaphoid fracture
1. Colle’s fracture
2. Scaphoid fracture
3. Smith fracture
4. Galeazzi fracture
Correct Answer: Scaphoid fracture

Topic: Spine + Pelvis + Lower Limb Traumatology

A 34-year-old male presents with a history of progressive lower backache and early morning stiffness for the past 6 months. His symptoms are more severe in the morning and improve on exercise. He is a known case of ulcerative colitis an x-ray of his lumbar spine is taken and is given below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Ankylosing spondylitis
1. Pott’s spine
2. Psoriasis arthritis
3. Ankylosing spondylitis
4. Rheumatoid arthritis
Correct Answer: Ankylosing spondylitis

FMGE 2022 Psychiatry Questions

Topic: Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders

A chronic smoker wants to quit smoking. Which of the following drugs would help him with his goal?
1. Bupropion
2. Mirtazipine
3. Varenicline
4. Both a and c
Correct Answer: Both 1 and 3

Topic: Mood Disorders

Lithium usage in pregnancy can lead to which of the following teratogenic effects?
1. Cardiac defects
2. Facial defects
3. CNS defects
4. Urogenital defects
Correct Answer: Cardiac defects

FMGE 2022 Physiology Questions

Topic: Cardiovascular System

If the diameter of an artery was found to be reduced to one-third. By what value does the resistance of the artery increase?
1. 9 times
2. 81 times
3. 27 times
4. 18 times
Correct Answer: 81 times

Sub-Topic: Endocrine and Reproductive System

Which pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor causes recurrent episodes of secretory diarrhea?
1. VIPoma
2. Glucagonoma
3. Insulinoma
4. Zollinger Ellison disease
Correct Answer: VIPoma

FMGE 2022 Medicine Questions

Topic: Miscellaneous Topics

A patient presents with complaints of tingling sensation in hands and feet, generalized weakness, easy fatigability, pallor, and ataxia. Deficiency of which vitamin causes these symptoms?
1. Vitamin B1
2. Vitamin B12
3. Vitamin B2
4. Vitamin B3
Correct Answer: Vitamin B12

Topic: Miscellaneous Topics

A male patient with a history of chronic smoking presents with the complaint of dysphagia. Out of the following, which type of lung cancer is most likely to be found in this patient?
1. Squamous cell carcinoma
2. Adenocarcinoma
3. Large cell carcinoma
4. Bronchogenic carcinoma
Correct Answer: Squamous cell carcinoma

FMGE 2022 Pediatrics Questions

Topic: Genetics and Genetic Disorders

What is the pattern of inheritance in neural tube defects?
1. Autosomal dominant
2. X-linked dominant
3. Autosomal recessive
4. Multifactorial inheritance
Correct Answer: Multifactorial inheritance

Topic: Nutrition and Malnutrition

A laborer’s younger child is brought to the OPD with a swollen belly and dull face. He has been fed rice water (rice milk) in his diet mostly. On investigations, the child is found to have low serum protein, low serum protein, and low albumin. What is the probable diagnosis?
1. Kwashiorkor
2. Marasmus
3. Indian childhood cirrhosis
4. Kawasaki disease
Correct Answer: Kwashiorkor

FMGE 2022 PSM Questions

Topic: Epidemiology

The major contributor to demographic burden is _
1. Decreased old age dependency ratio
2. Increased young age dependency ratio
3. Decreased young age dependency ratio
4. Increased old age dependency ratio
Correct Answer: Increased old age dependency ratio

Topic: Allied Health Disciplines

Blood spill in the operation theater is cleaned with___?
1. Chlorine compound
2. Phenolic compounds
3. Quaternary ammonium compounds
4. Alcoholic compounds
Correct Answer: Alcoholic compounds

FMGE 2022 Gynaecology & Obstetrics Questions

Topic: Obstetrics

Which hyperthyroid drug is safer during the first trimester of pregnancy?
1. Propylthiouracil
2. Methimazole
3. Carbimazole
4. Radioactive iodine
Correct Answer: Propylthiouracil

Topic: Gynecology

A 34-year-old woman presents at 6 weeks of delivery. She wants contraception for the next 3 years. What will be the best contraceptive method in this case?
1. Copper T
2. IUCD with progesterone
3. Injectable progesterone
4. Nothing besides lactation amenorrhea

Topic: Forensic Toxicology

Which of the following diagnoses give the hematological picture as given below?
1. Minamata disease
2. Saturnism
3. Chronic iron toxicity
4. Arsenic poisoning
Correct Answer: Saturnism

Topic: Sexual Jurisprudence

A man regularly derives sexual gratification by inflicting pain upon his partner. He would often produce cuts and cigarette burns on his partner’s arms. This is best described as.
1. Voyeurism
2. Fetishism
3. Sadism
4. Masochism
Correct Answer: Sadism

Download along with the explanations for all the correct and incorrect options now.

FMGE December 2021 Question paper

FMGE was conducted on 12th December 2021. Below you can check out the subject-wise list of questions asked in the exam along with their correct answers.

FMGE Dec 2021 Microbiology Questions

Topic: Mycology

A 24-year-old woman presents with pruritic hypopigmented macules and confluent patches over the chest. Skin scraping and KOH preparation show an abundance of yeast-like cells and short branch filaments like a 'Spaghetti and meatball appearance' as shown in the image below. What is the most likely organism?
1. Malassezia
2. Trichophyton
3. Chlamydospores
4. Candida
Correct Answer: Malassezia

Topic: Mycology

A patient presented with a black, foul-smelling discharge from the nose. On examination, blackish necrotic mass filling the nasal cavity and eroding the septum and hard palate were seen. What is the most important risk factor for this disease?
1. Hypothyroidism
2. Diabetes
3. Hypertension
4. Foreign Body
Correct Answer: Diabetes

FMGE Dec 2021 Biochemistry Questions

Topic: Introduction

The subcellular organelle which is associated with killing of viruses and bacteria is?
1. Peroxisome
2. Mitochondria
3. Lysosome
4. Golgi Apparatus
Correct Answer: Lysosome

Topic: Lipid Metabolism

Cholesterol is synthesized from?
1. Acetyl coA
2. Malonyl coA
3. Phenylalanine
4. Oxaloacetate
Correct Answer: Acetyl coA

FMGE Dec 2021 Radiology Questions

Topic: Gastrointestinal Radiology

The characteristic appearance of the esophagus on barium swallow, as shown in the image below, is seen in which of the following conditions?
Diffuse oesophageal spasm
1. Diffuse oesophageal spasm
2. Esophageal carcinoma
3. Esophageal ulcer
4. Achalasia cardia
Correct Answer: Diffuse oesophageal spasm

Topic: Gastrointestinal Radiology

Identify the investigation shown below which is the investigation of choice in distal bowel tumors.
1. Enteroclysis
2. Barium meal
3. Barium meal follow-through
4. Barium enema
Correct Answer: Enteroclysis

FMGE Dec 2021 Anatomy Questions

Left atrium
Identify the arrow marked chamber.
1. Right atrium
2. Left atrium
3. Right Ventricle
4. Left Ventricle
Correct Answer: Left atrium
In knee flexion, lateral dislocation of patella is prevented by
1. Vastus medialis
2. Patellar ligament
3. Gracilis
4. Rectus femoris
Correct Answer: Vastus medialis

FMGE Dec 2021 Ophthalmology Questions

Topic: Orbit

A 55-year-old woman presents with chronic mucopurulent discharge from her left eye and swelling near the medial canthus. Which of the following is the treatment of choice in this patient?
1. Dacryocystorhinostomy
2. Dacryocystectomy
3. Conjunctivo-cysto rhinostomy
4. Balloon catheter dilation
Correct Answer: Dacryocystorhinostomy

Topic: Retina

A 58-year-old man after his retirement party came with the complaint of sudden painless loss of vision in his left eye for the past 2 hours. Fundoscopic examination shows a similar picture given below. What is the most probable cause of this condition?
Correct Answer: CRAO

FMGE Dec 2021 Surgery Questions

Topic: Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery

An 80-year-old man developed right-sided calf muscle pain and swelling. He was bedridden following a right intertrochanteric fracture. What is the most likely diagnosis?
1. Chronic osteomyelitis
2. Deep vein thrombosis
3. Compartment Syndrome
4. Arterial claudication
Correct Answer: Deep vein thrombosis

Topic: Endocrine Surgery

A 23-year-old woman presents to the surgery out-patient with a left-sided breast lump which she noticed on a self-breast examination 3 weeks ago. She has no other complaints. On palpation, the lump seems to be mobile and firm. Mammogram revealed a benign lesion. What is the best next step in management?
1. Biopsy
2. Reassurance and follow-up
3. Surgical excision
4. Start Tamoxifen
Correct Answer: Reassurance and follow-up

FMGE Dec 2021 Dermatology Questions

Topic: Papulosquamous Disorders

Which of the following features are not associated with the condition shown in the image below?
Munro microabscess
1. Wickham’s striae
2. Epidermal acanthosis
3. Munro microabscess
4. Colloid bodies
Correct Answer: Munro microabscess

Topic: Cutaneous Infections

A 7-year-old intellectually disabled boy was brought with large warty crusts on the trunk, hands, and feet as shown below. Severe fissuring and scaling of the skin are present over the soles. What is the possible diagnosis?
Norwegian scabies
1. Scabies incognito
2. Animal scabies
3. Nodular scabies
4. Norwegian scabies
Correct Answer: Norwegian scabies

FMGE Dec 2021 Anesthesia Questions

Topic: Oxygen Therapy and Airway

The mask given below works on which of the following principles?
Bernoulli principle
1. Bohr effect
2. Boyle’s principle
3. Bernoulli principle
4. Mapleson’s circuit
Correct Answer: Bernoulli principle

Topic: Miscellaneous

While doing a subclavian venous catheterization, the patient suddenly desaturated, and on examination of the chest, there was hyper resonance in the apical area of the right lung. What is the most likely diagnosis here?
1. Arterial puncture
2. Pneumothorax
3. Cardiac tamponade
4. Chylothorax
Correct Answer: Arterial puncture

FMGE Dec 2021 ENT Questions

Topic: Pharynx

A worried mother brought her 6-year-old unimmunized child to the ER with complaints of fever, cough and shortness of breath. On examination, a pseudo membrane was noted over the tonsils which bleed on trying to remove and a bull-neck appearance of the neck. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
1. Infectious mononucleosis
2. Tonsillitis
3. Diphtheria
4. Candidiasis
Correct Answer: Diphtheria

Topic: Ear

A young lady presented to the ENT OPD with a history of sudden onset unilateral hearing loss, tinnitus, and dizziness following an episode of acute otitis media two weeks back. Rinne test and fistula test were positive. She had refused treatment then and currently came with complaints of worsened hearing loss in the affected ear. On examination, the fistula test was negative. What would be the most likely finding on the Rinne test in this scenario?
1. True positive
2. True negative
3. False positive
4. False negative
Correct Answer: False negative

FMGE Dec 2021 Pharmacology Questions

Topic: Endocrine Pharmacology

A 45-year-old obese lady with diabetes was managed with oral hypoglycemic agents. She now presents to the casualty with a hypoglycemic episode. Which of the following drugs is most likely responsible for her hypoglycemic episode?
1. Metformin
2. Pioglitazone
3. Sitagliptin
4. Glimepiride
Correct Answer: Glimepiride

Special Topics

Which of the following medications is safe for pregnancy-induced hypertension?
1. Lisinopril
2. Propranolol
3. Alpha methyldopa
4. Losartan
Correct Answer: Alpha methyldopa

FMGE Dec 2021 Orthopedics Questions

Topic: Spine + Pelvis + Lower Limb Traumatology

A young male who had a road traffic accident is brought to the emergency department. His left leg is shortened, internally rotated, and adducted. On examination, femoral artery pulsation is not felt. A plain radiograph of his was taken which is shown below. What is your diagnosis?
Anterior dislocation of hip with femoral artery injury
1. Intertrochanteric fracture of the femur
2. Fracture neck of femur with injury to femoral vessels
3. Anterior dislocation of hip with femoral artery injury
4. Posterior dislocation of hip
Correct Answer: Anterior dislocation of hip with femoral artery injury

Topic: Spine + Pelvis + Lower Limb Traumatology

A 9-year-old boy is brought to the hospital with complaints of pain and limping. The symptoms started 6 months back and gradually worsened. The child appears to be healthy with normal height and weight. On examination, there is mild wasting on the right side, abduction (especially in flexion), and internal rotation is limited due to pain. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
Perthes disease
1. DDH (developmental dysplasia of hip)
2. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
3. Perthes disease
4. Congenital coxa vara
Correct Answer: Perthes disease

FMGE Dec 2021 Psychiatry Questions

Topic: Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders

A patient stopped alcohol consumption for 3 days and presented with irritability, disorientation, paranoid delusions, agitation, visual hallucinations, and altered sensorium. What is the likely diagnosis in this case?
1. Delirium tremens
2. Wernicke’s encephalopathy
3. Korsakoff psychosis
4. Alcohol-induced psychosis
Correct Answer: Delirium tremens

Topic: Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders

43-year-old presents to the emergency department accompanied by police. He came to the police station accusing his daughter of wanting to kill him. The police investigating the family and the neighbors understood that it was a false accusation. His physical examination is not remarkable. What is the most likely diagnosis here?
1. Delusional disorder
2. Illusions
3. Cotard syndrome
4. Hallucinations
Correct Answer: Delusional disorder

FMGE Dec 2021 Physiology Questions

Topic: Gastrointestinal System

Following complete ileal and partial jejunal resection, the patient is most likely to have—
1. Folic acid deficiency
2. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
3. Gastric ulcer
4. Constipation
Correct Answer: Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Topic: Respiratory System

Which of the following conditions will shift the oxygen-Hb dissociation curve to the left?
1. Hypoxia
2. Hypocarbia
3. Alkalosis
4. Increase in 2,3-DPG
Correct Answer: Alkalosis

FMGE Dec 2021 Medicine Questions

Topic: Pulmonology

A resident is evaluating a patient, who presented with acute onset of chest pain and dyspnea, for pulmonary embolism. Which of the following imaging tests should be performed to confirm this diagnosis?
1. Doppler echocardiography
2. CT pulmonary angiography
3. Ventilation perfusion scan of lungs
4. MR pulmonary angiography
Correct Answer: CT pulmonary angiography

Topic: Rheumatology / Connective Tissue Disorder

A patient presents with severe pain and swelling in his knee joint for 10 days. He also complains of pain and discomfort during urination. He says that he had diarrhoea one mother ago and he has been unwell since then. What is the most likely diagnosis?
1. Reactive arthritis
2. Enteropathic arthritis
3. Rheumatoid arthritis
4. Psoriasis arthritis
Correct Answer: Reactive arthritis

FMGE Dec 2021 Pediatrics Questions

Topic: Neonatology

Which is correct about ABO and Rh incompatibility leading to Erythroblastosis fetalis?
1. Cytotoxic
2. Cell mediated hypersensitivity
3. Antigen-antibody reaction
4. Immune complex
Correct Answer: Cytotoxic

Topic: Nutrition and Malnutrition

Vitamin K supplementation is given to neonates to prevent__.
1. Breast milk jaundice
2. Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn
3. Keratomalacia
4. Scurvy
Correct Answer: Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn

FMGE Dec 2021 PSM Questions

Topic: Communicable and Non-communicable Diseases

A patient from a North-Eastern state was diagnosed to have an infection with P. Falciparum malaria. What is the most appropriate treatment for this patient?
1. Artemether plus lumefantrine
2. Sulfadoxine plus pyrimethamine
3. Chloroquine
4. Mefloquine
Correct Answer: Artemether plus lumefantrine

Topic: Concept of Health and Disease

The number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births is called—
1. Maternal mortality rate
2. Maternal mortality ratio
3. Infant mortality rate
4. Perinatal mortality rate
Correct Answer: Perinatal mortality rate

FMGE Dec 2021 Gynaecology & Obstetrics Questions

Topic: Gynecology

A 27-year-old woman presented with a malodorous discharge in the vagina which started a week earlier. On examination, Whiff’s test positive and the gram stain shows the presence of clue cells. This infection is commonly treated with which of the following?
1. Metronidazole
2. Nystatin pessary
3. Tetracycline
4. Azithromycin
Correct Answer: Metronidazole

Topic: Gynecology

Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding vasectomy?
1. The procedure is done under local anesthesia
2. Sterility is achieved 3 weeks after the procedure
3. A no-scalpel technique is being widely used now
4. The vas deferens is the structure that is divided in the procedure
Correct Answer: Sterility is achieved 3 weeks after the procedure

FMGE Dec 2021 Forensic Medicine Questions

Topic: Forensic Toxicology

After 72 hours of Cessation of alcohol, which of the following withdrawal symptoms can be seen in alcoholic patients?
1. Seizures
2. Delirium tremens
3. Tremors
4. Hallucinations
Correct Answer: Delirium tremens

Topic: Medical Jurisprudence

A patient was referred by a doctor to a radiologist for a CT scan and the doctor was given money for the referral. What is this unethical act called?
1. Dichotomy
2. Medical maloccurrence
3. Criminal negligence
4. Commission
Correct Answer: Dichotomy

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Kashika Walia

Kashika Walia is a Senior Content Writer at PrepLadder. She is devoted to give her readers easily digestible and high-value content that makes their journey towards their dream career incredibly easy.


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